Mobility and transport

Modern mobility behaviours in cities are currently undergoing change. The classical modes of transport (bus and rail, car, bicycle, walking) are being supplemented by numerous ever-developing alternatives: from autonomous minibuses or shuttle services to many different rental models for cars, cargo bikes, e-scooters, e-bikes and e-mopeds. This often means that owning a car is no longer necessary; at the same time, however, ever more road users are competing for the remaining urban space.

Many streets in Hamburg are dominated by parked cars, some of which do not move for days. In this way, valuable areas are lost, places that could be meeting places, places to build neighbourliness or provide alternative mobility offers. The IBA Hamburg wants to show how things can be different and what the potential of reorganising stationary traffic could be, without limiting inhabitants’ mobility.

To achieve these goals, forward-looking plans, a courageous view of the future and the creation of flexible infrastructural requirements to react to future trends are required. The IBA Hamburg develops sustainable mobility concepts to this end:


Urban design that focuses on people

  • The “walkable district” concept: optimal routes for all road users (pedestrians, cyclists, car drivers)
  • High-quality pedestrian and cycle paths guided by existing leafy spaces and waterways, thus creating a close connection to open space
  • Connection and extension of cycle paths for comfortable and rapid cycling

Encouraging people not to own a car, creating mobility offers

  • Simple access to public transport, car and bike sharing
  • Enough bike racks in public space and on private plots
  • Strengthening and extension of public transport networks

Providing infrastructure for electromobility

  • Providing enough charging stations in central, residential and office locations

Reorganising stationary traffic

  • Fewer parked cars in public space through concentration of parking spots in mobility hubs, underground car parks or local garages

Integrating logistics and trade as best possible

  • Reorganisation of the last delivery mile
  • Structuring delivery transport
  • Organising transport for businesses, social facilities etc.
  • 58%

    of the people of Hamburg support the idea of a car-free inner city (representative study of “die Zeit” Hamburg, May 2019)

  • 794,618 cars

    are registered in Hamburg.
    (ADFC, January 2019)

  • 79%

    of Hamburg households have at least one bike. (ADFC/citizen’s document, 2015)

  • Suggested reading:

“In my opinion, a city is liveable when it respects the human dimension. When it does not move at the speed of the car, but at that of pedestrians and cyclists. When people can meet each other again on its open squares and streets. This, after all, is the idea of a city.” (Brandeins Magazine 2014)

JAN GEHL

Architect and urban planner

2 Mobility Hub Visualisierung

Oberbillwerder: People, not parking – taking back public space

Hamburg’s 105th district is not to be car-free, but there should be as few parked cars as possible. An important building block on the way to achieving this goal is provided in the multi-storey mobility hubs: here, you can park your own car and transfer to mobility offers such as carsharing or cargo bike to get home. The thus newly freed streets will create new quality of life in the urban space and give residents more space.


Schema Mobility Hub

The mobility hubs are also much more: in the district they become places for active neighbourhoods. On the ground floors there are service locations and social, cultural and retail facilities, bakeries and supermarkets, package and recycling stations, youth centres, daycare centres or clubhouses for the neighbouring sports and allotment associations.

IBA OBW Mobility Concept rgb en

Through the central location of the mobility hubs by local squares, small and diverse centres arise with different focal points and in different places.

For the conception of their content and planning efforts, the mobility hubs were selected for the BBSR-initiated funding programme “National Urban Development Projects”. The supported projects include future-oriented schemes in the field of urban development.

“The moment they remove cars from the city, the people return. In Vienna, in many borough districts where we have done this, we have ever greater numbers of residents, above all young residents, occupying the public space and suddenly bringing the city to life. The pedestrian is the lifeblood of a city.”

PROF. HERMANN KNOFLACHER

TRAFFIC PLANNER

Car Sharing Naturverbunden Wohnen

Neugraben-Fischbek: carsharing for the neighbourhood

In the IBA Hamburg districts on the periphery, modern urban life with all the advantages of the latest technological developments is to be made possible. Carsharing of electric vehicles in Vogelkamp Neugraben and Fischbeker Heidbrook supports the concept of “Living close to nature”. It is right here, where the business areas of the leading companies stop, that such provision for residents can be made.

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